PROJECT: Preparation.

READ TO LIFE! pages 43 – 51

PROJECT: Preparation.

The class is divided into five groups. Each group creates one material or tool required for next week’s painting/print assignment:

PAPER (approximately 12″ x 16″/sheet). This group creates one or two sheets for every member of the class.

Material principle: Fiber is any material comprised of elongated pieces of filaments. The fibers provide elasticity and tensile strength, and can be matted into sheets to make paper.


Vegetable fibers include cotton, flax, sisal
Wood fiber comes from pulp
Animal fibers include silk, spider silk, sinew, and hair from sheep, rabbit, etc.
Waste stream: paper found in the waste stream and shredded


1. Make two thin wooden frames the size of paper you want.
2. Cut out a piece of wire mesh that is one inch larger than the frames. Stretch the wire mesh across the top of one of the frames, stapling down one side at a time, making sure that each side is very tight.
3. Soak the fibers overnight using equal parts water and fiber. Add two tablespoons of liquid starch.
4. Stir the mixture to evenly distribute the pulp throughout the mixture.
5. Transfer the pulp mixture into a deep tub. Submerge the entire frame with the screened frame on the bottom, screen side up, and the other frame on top of it.
6. Slowly raise the frames from the bottom of the tub to the surface, catching as much pulp as possible. Spread evenly.
7. Allow the excess water to drip off the frames. Remove the top frame and lower the wet paper surface of the bottom frame onto a wet piece of felt. After a few seconds slowly remove the frame. Dab the top of the paper with the sponge to soak up extra water.
8. Layer another piece of felt over the wet paper, and place heavy weights on top of it to press out the water.
9. As you make additional paper place it between additional layers of felt underneath the books. Allow the paper to dry under the books for a few hours, then expose them on the felt for at least a day.

BRUSH: This group creates two brushes for every member of the class, one large and one small.

Material principle: Absorbency.

Brush Sources: 

Waste stream: rope, string, frayed blue jeans, yarn 
Organic materials: grass, moss, sponge, wool  

Handle Sources:

Waste stream: straws
Organic materials: sticks

Connector sources:

Waste stream: ties from packaging, strips of fabric, string
Organic materials: vines, grass

PIGMENT: This group creates at least three different colored pigments for the class.

Material principle:

Pulverize – reduce to dust or powder by pounding or grinding
Dissolve – to make a solution by mixing with a liquid


Geologic: clay, dirt, stone
Waste stream: make-up, cheese crackers

LIQUID MEDIUM: This group creates a medium by identifying a viscous fluid and mixing it with the pigments.

Material principle: viscous of a glutinous fluid that resists the force tending to cause the fluid to flow.


Organic: honey, corn syrup, vegetable oil, egg yolk, fat 
Waste stream: used oil from automobile