Project: Homes, villages, suburbs, towns, and metropolises are all open systems because their functioning depends upon the arrival of resources and the departure of wastes, which are the functions of 'infrastructure' such as roads, pipes, sewers, an electrical grid, and telecommunications. Based on the examples in this section, create a diagram of a fantasy city that combines the sustainable innovations of all the artists in this section.
Research / Discussion: All of the artists in this section seek to attain sustainability by locating infrastructure functions locally. Choose one artist. Discuss how that artist's innovation replaces a method of providing that service locally (collecting solar energy, for example) as opposed to reliance upon long-distance transport (gas pipe lines, for example). Include both the immediate and long-term environmental costs of each.