Project: “Hard infrastructure” refers to the large physical structures that support the functioning of an industrial nation: sewage, roads, fiber optic cables, etc. “Soft infrastructure” refers to the institutions that maintain these structures: systems of finance, education, health care, law enforcement, etc.

Project: “Hard infrastructure” refers to the large physical structures that support the functioning of an industrial nation: sewage, roads, fiber optic cables, etc. “Soft infrastructure” refers to the institutions that maintain these structures: systems of finance, education, health care, law enforcement, etc. We might invent another term, “morale-building infrastructure” since all the artists in this section engage hard and soft infrastructure with the intention of enhancing the social and psychological well-being of people as well as their habitats. Envision a new form of infrastructure (hard or soft) that has the potential to boost confidence and optimism. For example, it might reduce traffic jams or provide instant access to drinking water. Present your idea in the form of a drawing or diagram.

Research / Discussion: While the creative energies of the artists in this section are devoted to such technological structures as water supply, sewers, and electrical grids, their considerations of ‘infrastructure’ are not limited to providing commodities and services to human populations. As environmentalists, they assess the impacts of these physical components upon the functioning of entire ecosystems and the entire range of species living within them. Choose any work discussed in this section and apply such expanded views of, ‘infrastructure’ to it by discussing its impact on human and the non-human populations, and its non-living systems.